A Discrete-Event Network Simulator
API
radvd.cc
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1/* -*- Mode: C++; c-file-style: "gnu"; indent-tabs-mode:nil; -*- */
2/*
3 * Copyright (c) 2009 Strasbourg University
4 *
5 * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
6 * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
7 * published by the Free Software Foundation;
8 *
9 * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
10 * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
11 * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
12 * GNU General Public License for more details.
13 *
14 * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
15 * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
16 * Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307 USA
17 *
18 * Author: David Gross <gdavid.devel@gmail.com>
19 * Sebastien Vincent <vincent@clarinet.u-strasbg.fr>
20 */
21
22// Network topology
23// //
24// // n0 R n1
25// // | _ |
26// // ====|_|====
27// // router
28// // - R sends RA to n0's subnet (2001:1::/64);
29// // - R sends RA to n1's subnet (2001:2::/64);
30// // - n0 ping6 n1.
31// //
32// // - Tracing of queues and packet receptions to file "radvd.tr"
33
34#include <fstream>
35#include "ns3/core-module.h"
36#include "ns3/internet-module.h"
37#include "ns3/csma-module.h"
38#include "ns3/internet-apps-module.h"
39
40#include "ns3/radvd.h"
41#include "ns3/radvd-interface.h"
42#include "ns3/radvd-prefix.h"
43
44using namespace ns3;
45
46NS_LOG_COMPONENT_DEFINE ("RadvdExample");
47
48int main (int argc, char** argv)
49{
50 bool verbose = false;
51
52 CommandLine cmd (__FILE__);
53 cmd.AddValue ("verbose", "turn on log components", verbose);
54 cmd.Parse (argc, argv);
55
56 if (verbose)
57 {
58 LogComponentEnable ("Ipv6L3Protocol", LOG_LEVEL_ALL);
59 LogComponentEnable ("Ipv6RawSocketImpl", LOG_LEVEL_ALL);
60 LogComponentEnable ("Icmpv6L4Protocol", LOG_LEVEL_ALL);
61 LogComponentEnable ("Ipv6StaticRouting", LOG_LEVEL_ALL);
62 LogComponentEnable ("Ipv6Interface", LOG_LEVEL_ALL);
63 LogComponentEnable ("RadvdApplication", LOG_LEVEL_ALL);
64 LogComponentEnable ("Ping6Application", LOG_LEVEL_ALL);
65 }
66
67 NS_LOG_INFO ("Create nodes.");
68 Ptr<Node> n0 = CreateObject<Node> ();
69 Ptr<Node> r = CreateObject<Node> ();
70 Ptr<Node> n1 = CreateObject<Node> ();
71
72 NodeContainer net1 (n0, r);
73 NodeContainer net2 (r, n1);
74 NodeContainer all (n0, r, n1);
75
76 NS_LOG_INFO ("Create IPv6 Internet Stack");
77 InternetStackHelper internetv6;
78 internetv6.Install (all);
79
80 NS_LOG_INFO ("Create channels.");
82 csma.SetChannelAttribute ("DataRate", DataRateValue (5000000));
83 csma.SetChannelAttribute ("Delay", TimeValue (MilliSeconds (2)));
84 NetDeviceContainer d1 = csma.Install (net1); /* n0 - R */
85 NetDeviceContainer d2 = csma.Install (net2); /* R - n1 */
86
87 NS_LOG_INFO ("Create networks and assign IPv6 Addresses.");
89
90 /* first subnet */
91 ipv6.SetBase (Ipv6Address ("2001:1::"), Ipv6Prefix (64));
93 tmp.Add (d1.Get (0)); /* n0 */
94 Ipv6InterfaceContainer iic1 = ipv6.AssignWithoutAddress (tmp); /* n0 interface */
95
97 tmp2.Add (d1.Get (1)); /* R */
98 Ipv6InterfaceContainer iicr1 = ipv6.Assign (tmp2); /* R interface to the first subnet is just statically assigned */
99 iicr1.SetForwarding (0, true);
100 iic1.Add (iicr1);
101
102 /* second subnet R - n1 */
103 ipv6.SetBase (Ipv6Address ("2001:2::"), Ipv6Prefix (64));
105 tmp3.Add (d2.Get (0)); /* R */
106 Ipv6InterfaceContainer iicr2 = ipv6.Assign (tmp3); /* R interface */
107 iicr2.SetForwarding (0, true);
108
110 tmp4.Add (d2.Get (1)); /* n1 */
112 iic2.Add (iicr2);
113
114 /* radvd configuration */
115 RadvdHelper radvdHelper;
116
117 /* R interface (n0 - R) */
118 /* n0 will receive unsolicited (periodic) RA */
119 radvdHelper.AddAnnouncedPrefix (iic1.GetInterfaceIndex (1), Ipv6Address("2001:1::0"), 64);
120
121 /* R interface (R - n1) */
122 /* n1 will have to use RS, as RA are not sent automatically */
123 radvdHelper.AddAnnouncedPrefix(iic2.GetInterfaceIndex (1), Ipv6Address("2001:2::0"), 64);
124 radvdHelper.GetRadvdInterface (iic2.GetInterfaceIndex (1))->SetSendAdvert (false);
125
126 ApplicationContainer radvdApps = radvdHelper.Install (r);
127 radvdApps.Start (Seconds (1.0));
128 radvdApps.Stop (Seconds (10.0));
129
130 /* Create a Ping6 application to send ICMPv6 echo request from n0 to n1 via R */
131 uint32_t packetSize = 1024;
132 uint32_t maxPacketCount = 5;
133 Time interPacketInterval = Seconds (1.);
134 Ping6Helper ping6;
135
136 /* ping6.SetLocal (iic1.GetAddress (0, 1)); */
137 ping6.SetRemote (Ipv6Address ("2001:2::200:ff:fe00:4")); /* should be n1 address after autoconfiguration */
138 ping6.SetIfIndex (iic1.GetInterfaceIndex (0));
139
140 ping6.SetAttribute ("MaxPackets", UintegerValue (maxPacketCount));
141 ping6.SetAttribute ("Interval", TimeValue (interPacketInterval));
142 ping6.SetAttribute ("PacketSize", UintegerValue (packetSize));
143 ApplicationContainer apps = ping6.Install (net1.Get (0));
144 apps.Start (Seconds (2.0));
145 apps.Stop (Seconds (7.0));
146
147 AsciiTraceHelper ascii;
148 csma.EnableAsciiAll (ascii.CreateFileStream ("radvd.tr"));
149 csma.EnablePcapAll (std::string ("radvd"), true);
150
151 NS_LOG_INFO ("Run Simulation.");
152 Simulator::Run ();
153 Simulator::Destroy ();
154 NS_LOG_INFO ("Done.");
155}
156
holds a vector of ns3::Application pointers.
void Start(Time start)
Arrange for all of the Applications in this container to Start() at the Time given as a parameter.
void Stop(Time stop)
Arrange for all of the Applications in this container to Stop() at the Time given as a parameter.
Manage ASCII trace files for device models.
Definition: trace-helper.h:163
Ptr< OutputStreamWrapper > CreateFileStream(std::string filename, std::ios::openmode filemode=std::ios::out)
Create and initialize an output stream object we'll use to write the traced bits.
Parse command-line arguments.
Definition: command-line.h:229
build a set of CsmaNetDevice objects
Definition: csma-helper.h:47
AttributeValue implementation for DataRate.
aggregate IP/TCP/UDP functionality to existing Nodes.
void Install(std::string nodeName) const
Aggregate implementations of the ns3::Ipv4, ns3::Ipv6, ns3::Udp, and ns3::Tcp classes onto the provid...
Helper class to auto-assign global IPv6 unicast addresses.
Ipv6InterfaceContainer AssignWithoutAddress(const NetDeviceContainer &c)
Allocate an Ipv6InterfaceContainer but do not assign any IPv6 addresses.
void SetBase(Ipv6Address network, Ipv6Prefix prefix, Ipv6Address base=Ipv6Address("::1"))
Set the base network number, network prefix, and base interface ID.
Ipv6InterfaceContainer Assign(const NetDeviceContainer &c)
Allocate an Ipv6InterfaceContainer with auto-assigned addresses.
Describes an IPv6 address.
Definition: ipv6-address.h:50
Keep track of a set of IPv6 interfaces.
void SetForwarding(uint32_t i, bool state)
Set the state of the stack (act as a router or as an host) for the specified index.
uint32_t GetInterfaceIndex(uint32_t i) const
Get the interface index for the specified node index.
void Add(Ptr< Ipv6 > ipv6, uint32_t interface)
Add a couple IPv6/interface.
Describes an IPv6 prefix.
Definition: ipv6-address.h:456
holds a vector of ns3::NetDevice pointers
void Add(NetDeviceContainer other)
Append the contents of another NetDeviceContainer to the end of this container.
Ptr< NetDevice > Get(uint32_t i) const
Get the Ptr<NetDevice> stored in this container at a given index.
keep track of a set of node pointers.
Ping6 application helper.
Definition: ping6-helper.h:39
void SetRemote(Ipv6Address ip)
Set the remote IPv6 address.
Definition: ping6-helper.cc:40
ApplicationContainer Install(NodeContainer c)
Install the application in Nodes.
Definition: ping6-helper.cc:50
void SetAttribute(std::string name, const AttributeValue &value)
Set some attributes.
Definition: ping6-helper.cc:45
void SetIfIndex(uint32_t ifIndex)
Set the out interface index.
Definition: ping6-helper.cc:67
Radvd application helper.
Definition: radvd-helper.h:42
void AddAnnouncedPrefix(uint32_t interface, Ipv6Address prefix, uint32_t prefixLength)
Add a new prefix to be announced through an interface.
Definition: radvd-helper.cc:39
ApplicationContainer Install(Ptr< Node > node)
Install the application in a Node.
Ptr< RadvdInterface > GetRadvdInterface(uint32_t interface)
Get the low-level RadvdInterface specification for an interface.
Definition: radvd-helper.cc:92
void SetSendAdvert(bool sendAdvert)
Set send advert flag.
Simulation virtual time values and global simulation resolution.
Definition: nstime.h:103
AttributeValue implementation for Time.
Definition: nstime.h:1308
Hold an unsigned integer type.
Definition: uinteger.h:44
#define NS_LOG_COMPONENT_DEFINE(name)
Define a Log component with a specific name.
Definition: log.h:205
#define NS_LOG_INFO(msg)
Use NS_LOG to output a message of level LOG_INFO.
Definition: log.h:281
Time Seconds(double value)
Construct a Time in the indicated unit.
Definition: nstime.h:1244
Time MilliSeconds(uint64_t value)
Construct a Time in the indicated unit.
Definition: nstime.h:1252
Every class exported by the ns3 library is enclosed in the ns3 namespace.
@ LOG_LEVEL_ALL
Print everything.
Definition: log.h:116
void LogComponentEnable(char const *name, enum LogLevel level)
Enable the logging output associated with that log component.
Definition: log.cc:361
csma
Definition: second.py:63
cmd
Definition: second.py:35
bool verbose
static const uint32_t packetSize
Packet size generated at the AP.