App Store Technical Requirements

From Nsnam
Revision as of 13:47, 19 April 2018 by Tomh (Talk | contribs) (Requirements)

Jump to: navigation, search

Main Page - Current Development - Developer FAQ - Tools - Related Projects - Project Ideas - Summer Projects

Installation - Troubleshooting - User FAQ - HOWTOs - Samples - Models - Education - Contributed Code - Papers


The goal is to support modularization of the ns-3 code base and federation of development activities. To date, the main path to distributing extensions to ns-3 has been to request a code review for merge to the mainline tree. The future goal is to shrink the ns-3 core, and to better facilitate modules that are independently developed and maintained. As a concrete example, the R statistical framework does not integrate every extension to its main release; instead, it allows users to fetch the packages of interest and add to their installation. Communities-of-interest have even arisen to allow researchers to organize and curate sets of R extensions (e.g. bioinformatic packages). We envision the same for ns-3.

In the ns-3.27 release, the bake build orchestration tool was extended to allow third party contributed code modules to be added to ns-3, and to be downloaded, built, and installed with the main ns-3 release. This allows modules to be hosted elsewhere and integrated with the ns-3-allinone framework. Consider this to be the back-end support for modularization. We have not gone further since that time.

For example, the sift routing code contribution has been added as a module. Please review how users are expected to add sift to their ns-3.27 release on this wiki page.

There are two main components:

1) front end The ns-3 app store ( is largely operational and will be put into actual use for ns-3.29. The app store can be used to directly download contributed modules, and to post information about the module.

2) back end The back end will be the bake build orchestration tool.


We envision three types of users:

  1. . End user: The normal user will browse to the app store to learn about available apps, learn about resources (user forums, documentation) about each app, and possibly leave feedback on a review board. The normal user will obtain the necessary information to fetch and install each app from this page.
  2. . Developer: Developers will not be able to create new apps on the app store, but will be able to edit the app page that he or she owns. To make an app available on the store, it has to go through an ns-3 review process.
  3. . Maintainer: ns-3 maintainers will create a new page for an accepted app, and create a developer account for the author. Then the developer will be able to edit the page to suit their app.


The following requirements were used to develop the app store (

  1. . The front page should be clean, consisting of categories, newest releases, and popular downloads.
  2. . Each "app" will be an ns-3 module, with a description page including: Description, screenshots (optional), download tab, resources tab, etc.
  3. . Clear documentation must be posted on how to use the app store, and how to submit a new app to the app store
  4. . The "Download" tab will fetch a source archive, and the user will download to a location of their choice. The user is responsible for moving or copying the package to their ns-3 development directory, and then the ns-3 build tools (invoked at command line by users in the normal way) will do the rest.
  5. . XML for the bake configuration will also be maintained for each module, allowing module contributors to post new releases of their module.


Once the basic capability is deployed, enhancements are possible. Some of these extensions may involve modifying the app store installation, but some will involve modifying ns-3 build scripts, documentation, and other scripts (e.g. Jenkins scripts).

Integration with bake

Bake uses XML to describe modules. It would be nice to have a standardized XML schema that describes an ns-3 module, and make it usable from both the app store and from bake. For instance, there could be an "authors" field in the XML description that can be displayed by bake at the command line and can also be parsed and shown as the Authors in the app store description. A Wordpress plugin might be able to accomplish this.

User feedback and comments

We probably want to explore and tailor the capability for users to provide feedback and hints about apps. We do not want the capability to be abused by spammers (e.g. a captcha?).

Documentation and module creation scripts

  • Doxygen and Sphinx scripts should be modified to allow building on a per-module basis; ns-3 web site should still integrate all of these module documentations coherently
  • The program should be updated
  • The ns-3 tutorial must be updated

Regression testing

We need to write some new Jenkins scripts to test the known modules for regressions.


Managing the version numbers of different apps will be necessary. We want users to be able to declare that apps are compatible with specific ns-3 versions.

Patch management

Apps may fall out of date (become unmaintained) but it may be the case that some simple patches could be applied on top of them to make them workable again with the latest ns-3. The framework should support the ability to declare that a module installation consists of downloading an archive and then patching it with a file fetched from elsewhere. A module may also require patching of ns-3 core itself; the framework should support this.

Dependency management

If some modules depend on other modules or system dependencies, that needs to be expressed and handled by the tools. This is mainly a bake build issue, but it probably requires also some documentation in the app store that the module depends, for example, on a system library such as Boost.

Module grouping

We will probably want support for groups of modules. Users should be able to specify, for example, "Ad hoc routing" and fetch modules for several protocols, which may be hosted at different sites.

Project plan

The following is a possible three month project organization to deploy the app store.

Phase 1 (4 weeks)

  • Obtain access to a virtual machine sandbox that contains a clone of the ns-3 Wordpress-enabled web server
  • Integrate an app store instance with existing Wordpress installation
  • Test that main features are functional by populating the app store with a few apps (in different categories). Some apps are likely to be enabled by ns-3.27 timeframe, so these can be used as a starting point.
  • Provide URL link to the working instance to the ns-developers list and request community feedback

Phase 2 (4 weeks)

  • Incorporate feedback from phase 1 review
  • Enable techniques to leave comments or ratings of apps
  • Integrate bake XML (bakeconf.xml) with the app store metadata
  • Update ns-3 project documentation (tutorial, how to create and publish an app)
  • Address any loose ends necessary to make the site live

Phase 3 (4 weeks)

  • Work with mentor and module contributors to deploy as many apps as possible in the remaining timeframe (populate the app store).
  • Doxygen and Sphinx documentation to be built separately per-module, but integrated on the main web site
  • Support groupings and dependencies between apps by creating an 'ad hoc routing' group that a user can install
  • Extend jenkins scripts to perform regression testing of all apps in the store