Statistical Framework for Network Simulation
Several components and packages have been made for ns-2 to collect and manage data and statistics. A variety of these are listed in the ns-2 wiki. The following are notes on particular efforts.
- ns2measure provides a data collection framework for ns-2 and support for calculating statistics over that data, including multiple runs. The main component is a global observer object incorporated into ns-2. Several generic types of measures are supported, e.g. time averaged and discrete rate. Observed samples are recorded via an explicit call to the observer object, identified by a measure label and particular identifier such as a flow or host. Post-simulation scripts provide for analyzing collected data and generating statistics. A control script is provided such that runs may be repeated until a statistical goal such as a confidence level is met. Data from independent runs may be incorporated in generation of the statistics.
- simd executes distributed, independent simulation runs and collects data from them. A set of python scripts is used to push simulations out to client nodes, with a standardized set of scripts used to parameterize runs. Scripts are expected to produce output as comma seperated values, which are collected and concatenated by the master control script.
- ns-2/akaroa-2 provides support for executing distributed, independent replications, with significant statistical support for working with collected data and managing the runs. A master program runs on one computer and a set of clients on other machines that execute received simulations. Within each ns-2 instance a global observer is created. Samples are reported to that observer, which forwards them to the master computer. Measures are identified in simulation scripts by numeric identifiers and consist of particular observations, e.g. delay or packet size. The master program receives these observations and calculates statistics such as the mean and confidence interval over them. That data is used both for final output, and to conduct more simulations at the client machines if confidence is low. Another addition to ns-2 is incorporation of a different random number generator with better guarantees for independent streams.
- tracegraph is a Matlab based package for producing a wide variety of plots from trace files.
- rpi ns2graph provides several observation objects, some for generating traces to be used in graphing, others producing only summary statistics. A number of classes are provided for collecting data on common network statistics, such as round trip time. An API is also given for controlling graph output to a variety of tools, such as GNUPLOT.
- ns2 jtrana takes an ns-2 trace file, parses it into MySQL, and provides an interface to interrogate the database and produce graphs and other output in several formats. The database scheme is largely a straightforward encoding of the raw trace data.
- Samer Bali's scripts implement post-simulation trace analysis, with support for averaging from multiple runs. Measures calculated include packet delivery ratio, normalized throughput, routing overhead ratio, end to end delay, hop count, and connection time.
The following table charts five features of these packages:
- Run Mgmt: Whether or not the package provides support for conducting multiple trials and varying parameters.
- Data Mgmt: Whether or not the package helps manage data generated from multiple trials.
- Replicaton: Whether or not the packages supports distributing trials across multiple hosts.
- Trace Analysis: Whether or not the package supports producing statistics from recorded trace logs.
- Runtime Obsv: Whether or not the package provides hooks to observe data and generate statistics during a trial, rather than from traces.
|Package||Run Mgmt||Data Mgmt||Replication||Trace Analysis||Runtime Obsv|