A Discrete-Event Network Simulator
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17 // Network topology
18 //
19 // n0 n1
20 // | |
21 // =================
22 // LAN
23 //
24 // - UDP flows from n0 to n1
26 #include <fstream>
27 #include "ns3/core-module.h"
28 #include "ns3/csma-module.h"
29 #include "ns3/applications-module.h"
30 #include "ns3/internet-module.h"
31 #include "ns3/network-module.h"
33 using namespace ns3;
35 NS_LOG_COMPONENT_DEFINE ("SocketOptionsIpv4");
38 {
39  NS_LOG_INFO ("Received one packet!");
40  Ptr<Packet> packet = socket->Recv ();
41  SocketIpTosTag tosTag;
42  if (packet->RemovePacketTag (tosTag))
43  {
44  NS_LOG_INFO (" TOS = " << (uint32_t)tosTag.GetTos ());
45  }
46  SocketIpTtlTag ttlTag;
47  if (packet->RemovePacketTag (ttlTag))
48  {
49  NS_LOG_INFO (" TTL = " << (uint32_t)ttlTag.GetTtl ());
50  }
51 }
53 static void SendPacket (Ptr<Socket> socket, uint32_t pktSize,
54  uint32_t pktCount, Time pktInterval )
55 {
56  if (pktCount > 0)
57  {
58  socket->Send (Create<Packet> (pktSize));
59  Simulator::Schedule (pktInterval, &SendPacket,
60  socket, pktSize,pktCount - 1, pktInterval);
61  }
62  else
63  {
64  socket->Close ();
65  }
66 }
68 int
69 main (int argc, char *argv[])
70 {
71 //
72 // Allow the user to override any of the defaults and the above Bind() at
73 // run-time, via command-line arguments
74 //
75  uint32_t packetSize = 1024;
76  uint32_t packetCount = 10;
77  double packetInterval = 1.0;
79  //Socket options for IPv4, currently TOS, TTL, RECVTOS, and RECVTTL
80  uint32_t ipTos = 0;
81  bool ipRecvTos = true;
82  uint32_t ipTtl = 0;
83  bool ipRecvTtl = true;
85  CommandLine cmd;
86  cmd.AddValue ("PacketSize", "Packet size in bytes", packetSize);
87  cmd.AddValue ("PacketCount", "Number of packets to send", packetCount);
88  cmd.AddValue ("Interval", "Interval between packets", packetInterval);
89  cmd.AddValue ("IP_TOS", "IP_TOS", ipTos);
90  cmd.AddValue ("IP_RECVTOS", "IP_RECVTOS", ipRecvTos);
91  cmd.AddValue ("IP_TTL", "IP_TTL", ipTtl);
92  cmd.AddValue ("IP_RECVTTL", "IP_RECVTTL", ipRecvTtl);
93  cmd.Parse (argc, argv);
95  NS_LOG_INFO ("Create nodes.");
96  NodeContainer n;
97  n.Create (2);
99  InternetStackHelper internet;
100  internet.Install (n);
102  Address serverAddress;
104  NS_LOG_INFO ("Create channels.");
105  CsmaHelper csma;
106  csma.SetChannelAttribute ("DataRate", DataRateValue (DataRate (5000000)));
107  csma.SetChannelAttribute ("Delay", TimeValue (MilliSeconds (2)));
108  csma.SetDeviceAttribute ("Mtu", UintegerValue (1400));
109  NetDeviceContainer d = csma.Install (n);
112  NS_LOG_INFO ("Assign IP Addresses.");
113  Ipv4AddressHelper ipv4;
114  ipv4.SetBase ("", "");
115  Ipv4InterfaceContainer i = ipv4.Assign (d);
116  serverAddress = Address(i.GetAddress (1));
118  NS_LOG_INFO ("Create sockets.");
119  //Receiver socket on n1
120  TypeId tid = TypeId::LookupByName ("ns3::UdpSocketFactory");
121  Ptr<Socket> recvSink = Socket::CreateSocket (n.Get (1), tid);
123  recvSink->SetIpRecvTos (ipRecvTos);
124  recvSink->SetIpRecvTtl (ipRecvTtl);
125  recvSink->Bind (local);
128  //Sender socket on n0
129  Ptr<Socket> source = Socket::CreateSocket (n.Get (0), tid);
130  InetSocketAddress remote = InetSocketAddress (i.GetAddress (1), 4477);
132  //Set socket options, it is also possible to set the options after the socket has been created/connected.
133  if (ipTos > 0)
134  {
135  source->SetIpTos (ipTos);
136  }
138  if (ipTtl > 0)
139  {
140  source->SetIpTtl (ipTtl);
141  }
142  source->Connect (remote);
144  AsciiTraceHelper ascii;
145  csma.EnableAsciiAll (ascii.CreateFileStream ("socket-options-ipv4.tr"));
146  csma.EnablePcapAll ("socket-options-ipv4", false);
148  //Schedule SendPacket
149  Time interPacketInterval = Seconds (packetInterval);
151  Seconds (1.0), &SendPacket,
152  source, packetSize, packetCount, interPacketInterval);
154  NS_LOG_INFO ("Run Simulation.");
155  Simulator::Run ();
157  NS_LOG_INFO ("Done.");
158 }
static void SendPacket(Ptr< Socket > socket, uint32_t pktSize, uint32_t pktCount, Time pktInterval)
Simulation virtual time values and global simulation resolution.
Definition: nstime.h:79
Manage ASCII trace files for device models.
Definition: trace-helper.h:141
an Inet address class
static Ipv4Address GetAny(void)
void SetChannelAttribute(std::string n1, const AttributeValue &v1)
Definition: csma-helper.cc:69
holds a vector of std::pair of Ptr and interface index.
uint8_t GetTos(void) const
Get the tag's TOS.
Definition: socket.cc:766
int main(int argc, char *argv[])
static void Run(void)
Run the simulation until one of:
Definition: simulator.cc:157
Define a Log component with a specific name.
Definition: log.h:170
void SetIpRecvTos(bool ipv4RecvTos)
Tells a socket to pass information about IP Type of Service up the stack.
Definition: socket.cc:409
aggregate IP/TCP/UDP functionality to existing Nodes.
void ReceivePacket(Ptr< Socket > socket)
NetDeviceContainer Install(Ptr< Node > node) const
This method creates an ns3::CsmaChannel with the attributes configured by CsmaHelper::SetChannelAttri...
Definition: csma-helper.cc:215
#define NS_LOG_INFO(msg)
Use NS_LOG to output a message of level LOG_INFO.
Definition: log.h:223
Ptr< OutputStreamWrapper > CreateFileStream(std::string filename, std::ios::openmode filemode=std::ios::out)
Create and initialize an output stream object we'll use to write the traced bits. ...
static EventId Schedule(Time const &time, MEM mem_ptr, OBJ obj)
Schedule an event to expire at the relative time "time" is reached.
Definition: simulator.h:825
This class implements a tag that carries the socket-specific TTL of a packet to the IP layer...
Definition: socket.h:996
a polymophic address class
Definition: address.h:86
Class for representing data rates.
Definition: data-rate.h:71
void EnablePcapAll(std::string prefix, bool promiscuous=false)
Enable pcap output on each device (which is of the appropriate type) in the set of all nodes created ...
hold objects of type ns3::Time
Definition: nstime.h:1008
Hold an unsigned integer type.
Definition: uinteger.h:46
holds a vector of ns3::NetDevice pointers
Callback< R > MakeCallback(R(T::*memPtr)(void), OBJ objPtr)
Definition: callback.h:1242
void SetRecvCallback(Callback< void, Ptr< Socket > >)
Notify application when new data is available to be read.
Definition: socket.cc:127
static Ptr< Socket > CreateSocket(Ptr< Node > node, TypeId tid)
This method wraps the creation of sockets that is performed on a given node by a SocketFactory specif...
Definition: socket.cc:70
static void ScheduleWithContext(uint32_t context, Time const &time, MEM mem_ptr, OBJ obj)
Schedule an event with the given context.
Definition: simulator.h:905
Parse command-line arguments.
Definition: command-line.h:177
static void Destroy(void)
Every event scheduled by the Simulator::insertAtDestroy method is invoked.
Definition: simulator.cc:121
virtual int Connect(const Address &address)=0
Initiate a connection to a remote host.
virtual int Bind(const Address &address)=0
Allocate a local endpoint for this socket.
keep track of a set of node pointers.
virtual Ptr< Packet > Recv(uint32_t maxSize, uint32_t flags)=0
Read data from the socket.
void Install(std::string nodeName) const
Aggregate implementations of the ns3::Ipv4, ns3::Ipv6, ns3::Udp, and ns3::Tcp classes onto the provid...
build a set of CsmaNetDevice objects
Definition: csma-helper.h:46
void SetDeviceAttribute(std::string n1, const AttributeValue &v1)
Definition: csma-helper.cc:63
Ipv4InterfaceContainer Assign(const NetDeviceContainer &c)
Assign IP addresses to the net devices specified in the container based on the current network prefix...
uint32_t GetId(void) const
Definition: node.cc:106
virtual Ptr< Node > GetNode(void) const =0
Return the node this socket is associated with.
hold objects of type ns3::DataRate
void AddValue(const std::string &name, const std::string &help, T &value)
Add a program argument, assigning to POD.
Definition: command-line.h:435
Ptr< Node > Get(uint32_t i) const
Get the Ptr stored in this container at a given index.
bool RemovePacketTag(Tag &tag)
Remove a packet tag.
Definition: packet.cc:848
void SetIpRecvTtl(bool ipv4RecvTtl)
Tells a socket to pass information about IP_TTL up the stack.
Definition: socket.cc:476
void Parse(int argc, char *argv[])
Parse the program arguments.
A helper class to make life easier while doing simple IPv4 address assignment in scripts.
void EnableAsciiAll(std::string prefix)
Enable ascii trace output on each device (which is of the appropriate type) in the set of all nodes c...
void Create(uint32_t n)
Create n nodes and append pointers to them to the end of this NodeContainer.
uint8_t GetTtl(void) const
Get the tag's TTL.
Definition: socket.cc:589
virtual int Send(Ptr< Packet > p, uint32_t flags)=0
Send data (or dummy data) to the remote host.
virtual int Close(void)=0
Close a socket.
indicates whether the socket has IP_TOS set.
Definition: socket.h:1142
void SetIpTos(uint8_t ipTos)
Manually set IP Type of Service field.
Definition: socket.cc:394
a unique identifier for an interface.
Definition: type-id.h:49
virtual void SetIpTtl(uint8_t ipTtl)
Manually set IP Time to Live field.
Definition: socket.cc:463
void SetBase(Ipv4Address network, Ipv4Mask mask, Ipv4Address base="")
Set the base network number, network mask and base address.
static TypeId LookupByName(std::string name)
Definition: type-id.cc:535
Ipv4Address GetAddress(uint32_t i, uint32_t j=0) const